Export Market Guide - European Union (EU)

All regulatory information for exporting wine and grapes to European Union, including the regulatory environment, duties and taxes, and permitted additives.

The European Union (EU) is a hybrid intergovernmental and supranational organisation of 28 member countries. It has its own flag, currency and laws and operates a single market with free movement of goods, services and capital. The EU is the world’s largest trading bloc and the world’s largest economy. 

The EU has created complex requirements for wines imported from so-called 'third countries' (i.e. any non-EU countries), of which Australia is one. Set out below are guidelines designed to explain those requirements and assist wine exporters. Individual domestic requirements may also apply and can be found under country specific headings. Exporters should be aware that individual EU Member States reserve the right to exercise sovereign legislation in a way which can impact on wine imports, thus imposing additional requirements.

Member states:

Austria, Germany, Poland, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Croatia, Ireland, Slovakia, Cyprus, Italy, Slovenia,Czech Republic, Latvia, Spain, Denmark, Lithuania, Sweden, Estonia, Luxembourg, United Kingdom, Finland, Malta, France, Netherlands

Regulatory environment

The European Union reformed its wine laws in 2009. The regulations establishing the new EU Wine Regime came into force on 1 August 2009 although some aspects were phased in over two years. The regulatory framework is established under the following regulations:

  • 491/2009 – establishing the framework for the wine regime
  • 555/2008 – trade with third countries
  • 436/2009 – wine sector registers and declarations
  • 606/2009 – product categories, oenological practices and restrictions
  • 607/2009 – protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labelling and presentation
  • 1169/2011 – food information to consumers
  • 1308/2013 – common market organisation for agricultural products
  • 203/2012 – rules on organic wine 

Australia has a bilateral agreement with the EU – the Wine Agreement.  

The new Wine Agreement entered into force on 1 September 2010.


Import procedures for the European Union market

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Duties and taxes for the European Union market

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Labelling requirements for the European Union market

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Wine standards for the European Union market

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