Export Market Guide - European Union (EU)

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All regulatory information for exporting wine to European Union, including the regulatory environment, duties and taxes, and permitted additives.

The European Union (EU) is a hybrid intergovernmental and supranational organisation of 28 member countries. It has its own flag, currency and laws and operates a single market with free movement of goods, services and capital. The EU is the world’s largest trading bloc and the world’s largest economy. 

The EU has created complex requirements for wines imported from so-called 'third countries' (i.e. any non-EU countries), of which Australia is one. Set out below are guidelines designed to explain those requirements and assist wine exporters. Individual domestic requirements may also apply and can be found under country specific headings. Exporters should be aware that individual EU Member States reserve the right to exercise sovereign legislation in a way which can impact on wine imports, thus imposing additional requirements.

Member states:

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

Regulatory environment

The European Union reformed its wine laws in 2009. The regulations establishing the new EU Wine Regime came into force on 1 August 2009 although some aspects were phased in over two years. The regulatory framework is established under the following regulations:

  • 491/2009 – establishing the framework for the wine regime
  • 555/2008 – trade with third countries
  • 606/2009 – product categories, oenological practices and restrictions
  • 1169/2011 – food information to consumers
  • 1308/2013 – common market organisation for agricultural products
  • 203/2012 – rules on organic wine 
  • 2019/33 – delegated regulation (supplementing 1308/2013) on applications for protection of designations of origin, geographical indications and traditional terms in the wine sector, objection procedure, restrictions of use, and labelling and presentation
  • 2019/34 – implementing regulation regarding applications for protection of designations of origin, geographical indications and traditional terms in the wine sector
  • 2018/273 – regulation on accompanying documents and certification

Australia has a bilateral agreement with the EU – the Wine Agreement.  

The new Wine Agreement entered into force on 1 September 2010.

*The United Kingdom voted to leave the EU during a referendum held on June 23 2016. EU law still stands in the UK until it officially ceases being a member. The UK will continue to abide by EU treaties and laws, but not take part in any decision-making, as it negotiates a withdrawal agreement and the terms of its relationship with the now 27 nation bloc.

UK and EU leaders have agreed to a further 6-month extension for the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union until 31 October 2019.


Import procedures for the European Union market

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Duties and taxes for the European Union market

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Labelling requirements for the European Union market

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Wine standards for the European Union market

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This content is restricted to wine exporters and levy-payers. Some reports are available for purchase to non-levy payers/exporters.

Levy payers/exporters
Non-levy payers/exporters
Find out what you can purchase

This content is restricted to wine exporters and levy-payers. Some reports are available for purchase to non-levy payers/exporters.

Levy payers/exporters
Update your account details
Non-levy payers/exporters
Find out what you can purchase