About the report
Wine Australia's annual vintage report is produced on behalf of the wine sector based on survey data collected across all winegrowing regions in Australia. It provides:
- an estimate of the total crush in Australia;
- a summary of the grape crush in each region by variety; and
- an analysis of grape purchase value by variety and region including price dispersion.
Both the full report (with a detailed appendix of intake summary tables by region and variety) and a summary report of the national figures are provided. There is also an infographic with the main figures and charts.
Separate reports are also available for each state, which include the intake summary tables by variety for each GI region over 1000 tonnes as well as maps of each region showing the location of vineyards. This mapping information is derived from the National Vineyard Scan 2018.
Vintage reports for 2016 and 2017 are available on request. Vintage reports prior to 2016 can be found on the WFA website.
Report summary - 2019 report
The 2019 winegrape crush is estimated to be 1.73 million tonnes, based on responses received by the National Vintage Survey 2019. The estimated crush is 3 per cent lower than the 2018 final crush figure of 1.78 million tonnes and only 1 per cent below the average over the past 10 years (2009-2018) of 1.75 million tonnes. This further reinforces Australia’s ability to deliver consistent winegrape harvests and mitigate the effects of difficult weather conditions such as those widely reported prior to the 2019 harvest.
 See method section
 Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment levies unit recorded figure. Note this is different from the Wine Australia estimate reported in the National Vintage Report 2018 – see method section.
The decline in tonnes was higher in percentage terms from the cool/temperate regions, which were down by 5 per cent overall, while the warm inland regions (Riverina, Murray Darling-Swan Hill and Riverland) were down by 2 per cent. This led to a small increase in the warm regions’ share of the crush from 72 per cent in 2018 to 73 per cent in 2019.
Crush by colour and variety
The 2019 crush saw red varieties fare better overall than whites in terms of yield. The 2019 red variety crush is estimated to be 941,583 tonnes – an increase of 16,224 tonnes (2 per cent) compared with 2018. The white variety crush is estimated to be 786,871 tonnes, a decrease of 66,949 tonnes (8 per cent) compared with 2018, and more than 100,000 tonnes below the record 2017 crush of 891,907 tonnes. This meant that red varieties increased their share of the crush to 54 per cent, compared with 52 per cent in 2018.
The top 10 red varieties had mixed results nationally, with Shiraz, Pinot Noir and Grenache recording decreases of between 2 per cent and 15 per cent, while Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Ruby Cabernet increased by between 3 per cent and 13 per cent (see Figure 4). The biggest percentage increases were in Durif (up 29 per cent) and Malbec (up 46 per cent). Malbec reversed a 38 per cent decrease in 2018 and returned to the top 10 at the expense of Mataro/Mourvedre.
Only five of the top 20 white varieties increased their crush volume in 2019. The Chardonnay crush decreased by 12 per cent (47,975 tonnes) to 356,250 tonnes, the lowest in the past five years. This saw its share of the white crush decrease from 47 per cent in 2018 to 45 per cent in 2019.
 The survey does not differentiate between Pinot Noir used for sparkling (white) and that used for red table wine. It is all counted as a red variety.
The second largest white variety, Sauvignon Blanc, decreased by 1 per cent to 90,474 tonnes – the lowest in the past five years and 7 per cent below the five-year average of 97,580 tonnes. Other top 10 varieties decreased by between 7 and 14 per cent, except for Muscat Gordo Blanco (up 4 per cent) and Prosecco (up 42 per cent).
The national average purchase price in 2019 was $664 per tonne, up by 9 per cent on the 2018 overall price of $611 per tonne. This figure is the highest since 2008 and is the fifth consecutive vintage where the average purchase price for winegrapes has increased. Since hitting a low in 2011, the national average grape price has increased by a compound average annual rate of 6 per cent. However, the national average value is still only 71 per cent of its peak in 2001 ($933 per tonne).
The average purchase price of red grapes overall increased by 9 per cent from $772 per tonne in 2018 to $845 per tonne, while the average price of white grapes increased by 4 per cent from $444 per tonne in 2018 to $462 per tonne this year. The divergence between red and white average price has increased steadily since 2011, driven by strengthening relative demand for red wine.
Read more about the 2019 vintage here
Price dispersion information for the most recent vintages are available as separate reports in spreadsheet format.
Price dispersion reports for earlier vintages are also available on request. Contact email@example.com or 8228 2000 for more information.
The SA winegrape crush reports are produced by Wine Australia on behalf of the South Australian Wine Industry Association, the Wine Grape Council of SA Inc. and Primary Industries and Regions SA, using the data collected as part of the National Vintage Survey.
The full reports, and separate state and regional summaries, can be found on the Vinehealth Australia website. Archived reports for years 2000 to 2018 are also available.
Murray Darling & Swan Hill
The Murray Darling & Swan Hill winegrape crush report is published annually, based on data collected as part of the National Vintage Survey. The report can be found on the Murray Valley Winegrowers' Inc website. Previous years' reports are also available.
About the survey
The National Vintage Survey is a single annual crush and price survey conducted by Wine Australia on behalf of the Australian wine sector. This report has been prepared based on an analysis of the survey results.
All Wine Australia levy payers (approximately 2200 businesses) are surveyed. Respondents are asked to provide individual transaction data by variety and region for grape purchases and a summary of their own grown fruit by variety and region. This enables accurate reporting of crush (production) and price dispersion data by variety and GI region as well as at a national and state level.
Read more about the National Vintage Survey.