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Market insights – United States

The USA is the world’s largest wine market, with the largest population of regular wine drinkers and the second largest amount of imported wine (by value). The still wine market is around 329 million cases per annum and worth about US$33 billion. Value is forecast to grow to approximately US$35 billion by 2025.
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Overview: The world's largest and most attractive wine market

Wine Intelligence nominated the USA as the world’s most attractive wine market for the fourth year in a row in 2020 based on its high volume and value and positive economic indicators.

Per capita consumption of wine in the US is currently 9.8 litres per head (2020), which is less than half the Australian average and 46th in the world.

The seven biggest wine-consuming states are California, Florida, New York, Texas, New Jersey, Illinois and Massachusetts. They account for over half of all US wine consumption. Off-premise is the largest channel in terms of volume with an 80 per cent share of the market in 2019. This shifted to 93 per cent of the market during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The top-selling varieties in the off-trade are Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Gris. On-premise consumption is dominated by eating establishments, accounting for over 80 per cent of the channel.

In 2020, the USA market consumed 101 million cases of imported grape wine valued at nearly $US 14 billion

Australia is the third largest source of wine imports into the US by volume behind Italy and France, and fourth largest by value. Its overall share of imported wine is around 13 per cent by volume.

The USA is Australia’s third largest export market, accounting for approximately 15 per cent of exported wine value in the 2020 calendar year.

While the US market might be the most attractive, it is also a difficult and challenging market. This is due to a number of factors including the declining number of wine consumers, large amount of competition in alcoholic beverages and its very complex and highly regulated distribution system.

Opportunities exist for Australian winemakers in this market, particularly in the premium wine segment, which is expected to grow 4 per cent per annum between 2020 and 2025 despite the overall market being flat.

Conducting research on USA trade and consumers has also been useful in highlighting four key opportunities for Australian wine.  Taking advantage of these findings will help shift the needle towards increasing consumer demand for Australian wine, improving access, building awareness and changing quality perceptions.

Image source: Adobe Stock

Reports listing

Restricted to levy payers and wine exporters. Some reports are available for purchase - find out more

Wine import market reports

Latest update: 30 Oct 2023

Summarises wine imports for various markets by three categories - bulk wine, bottled wine and sparkling wine. The report assists Australian wine exporters understand trends in global wine trade.

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USA off-trade wine sales report

Latest update: 19 Oct 2023

This report summarises the United States off-trade still wine market by wine style, colour, brand, country of origin and price point.

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USA on-trade wine sales trend report

Latest update: 21 Jun 2023

This report summarises the United States (USA) on-trade still wine market by wine style, colour, category, country of origin and varietal. Statistics are presented separately by channel and by major city.

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Consumer and trade insights into the USA wine market

Latest update: 22 May 2023

To assist in identifying opportunities for Australian wines in the United States of America (US), Wine Australia has engaged respected market researcher Wine Opinions to undertake a four-year research project into consumer and trade insights in the USA wine market, which concluded in 2023. The research builds on a previous project with Wine Opinions that concluded in 2019 and provides a baseline for the market position of Australian wines in the US post-pandemic. 

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USA Wine Market Tool

Latest update: 10 Aug 2022

The USA Wine Market Tool was developed on behalf of Australian Grape & Wine to help Australian wine businesses explore the complex US market.

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Market Update: United States

Latest update: 12 Nov 2021

The Market Update report for the United States (US) from November 2021 is an overview of the wine market in the United States in the context of the overall alcohol market and the broader economy. It pulls together information from various data sources to summarise the size of the opportunity and Australia’s current performance in this market.

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USA state wine markets - ease of access summary

Latest update: 12 May 2021

The ‘Ease of access to US markets’ map is a single page summary which allows for identifying the ease of access to each of the 50 states’ wine markets for Australian exporters.

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Report on USA wine exports at $10 per litre and above

Latest update: 29 Apr 2021

Summary of Australian wine exports to the USA sold at A$10 and above per litre (FOB). Includes total value and volume, top five export destinations and top five regional and variety label claims by price point.

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Consumer wine consumption behaviour during and post COVID-19 in Australia, UK and the USA

Latest update: 21 May 2020

Presentation by Wine Intelligence detailing how wine consumers in Australia, the USA and the UK have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic before and during lockdown, and how they anticipate their behaviour will change after the removal of restrictive measures.

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USA market insights report

Latest update: 25 Mar 2020

The Wine Australia market insight report series are a valuable resource for wine businesses when determining the viability of exporting to a wine market, identifying opportunities and/or potential risks or to simply monitor changes in the market.

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Silicon Valley Bank USA state of the industry report

Latest update: 25 Feb 2020

The Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) Wine Industry Report presents an analysis of current conditions and forecasts for the United States (USA) wine industry.

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Research report: Driving the strategic growth of Australian wines in the US export market

Latest update: 22 Dec 2019

This research identified the barriers to selling Australia premium wines at US$12 retail and above in the US market and developed a simple tool to help Australian wine exporters identify the best-matched trade and consumer groups for their offerings.

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Navigating the US distribution system

Latest update: 20 Feb 2019

This report, prepared by our Market Insights team, provides details of the three-tier system and different state regulations in the US for the distribution and sale of alcohol.

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Further reading

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This content is restricted to wine exporters and levy-payers. Some reports are available for purchase to non-levy payers/exporters.

Levy payers/exporters
Non-levy payers/exporters
Find out more

This content is restricted to wine exporters and levy-payers. Some reports are available for purchase to non-levy payers/exporters.

Levy payers/exporters
Non-levy payers/exporters
Find out more

This content is restricted to wine exporters and levy-payers. Some reports are available for purchase to non-levy payers/exporters.